Once upon a time, there was no South and North Korea. There was one state. But this country has long been influenced by other peoples. Until the end of the 19th century, Korea was in vassal dependence on China. It resembles a republic within the empire. Koreans then were almost a separate state with their own political system and government. China was a big brother who defended his neighbor for a small bribe in the form of tribute. After the war between Japan and China in 1895, Korea became a fully independent state. This was beneficial to the Japanese radicals, who had long dreamed of capturing Korea for their far-reaching plans.
In 1905, after the Russo-Japanese War, the Korean and Japanese governments signed an agreement that turned Korea into a protectorate of Japan.
On August 22, 1910, Korea became a real colony of Japan, after signing the treaty of accession of Korea to Japan.
Until 1945, the Japanese actively used Korea and its people. At least recall field brothels created to meet the needs of Japanese soldiers. Also at this time, Japanese culture, lifestyle and the Shinto religion of Japan were actively planted.
By all means, Korean culture and lifestyle was belittled. This strengthened the integration of Japanese values and culture. In the Korean intelligentsia, even a movement appeared where the theory of low development was put forward in comparison with Japan, as a result of which it must be obeyed.
We’ll talk about the Japanese occupation of Korea separately. There are many interesting historical events. The main thing is to understand that already at that time the peninsula was divided according to the principle of production. In the north there was industrial production, while in the south there was the peasantry and food production.
After losing the second world war, Japan lost many territories, including the Korean peninsula.
The capture of Korea was carried out by the 25th Army of the 1st Far Eastern Front of the USSR. The allies fought with the Japanese at sea.
After the liberation, Korea decided to pursue a “guardianship” policy, dividing the territory into two parts, southern and northern, for five years. During this time, as conceived by the winners, the country should form its own political forces, for further adoption of the government. But this was not destined to happen.
The territory of the peninsula was divided along the line of the thirty-eighth parallel, where there was a border between parts of two Japanese armies.
After the victory in the Second World War, the confrontation of the allies with the USSR increased. This was evident at all points of contact. Korea was no exception.
In the north, in the zones of influence of the USSR, leftist, communist sentiments grew, in the south, on the contrary, right-wing nationalist ones.
The Korean War of 1950-1953 did not give a chance for the reunification of the Korean state and its inhabitants. After these events, two states appeared, the DPRK and the Republic of Korea.
The reason for the war was dissatisfaction with the politics of the southern part, when the president and the government were arbitrarily and without the support of the majority. The representative of the northern forces, Kim Il Sung, wanted to stop the growing left movements and civil conflict in the southern part of the state through military intervention. Or simply put, wars against South Korea.
If it were not for the United States and its allies, called UN forces, the North Koreans would have achieved their goal and captured the south. But then there was a struggle between two poles and two ideologies. And as practice shows, in fear of the communist threat, the United States and Western countries often took the side of right-wing radicals.
We do not dare to judge who is right and who is to blame for this situation. We can say that the blame for the separation of the state of Korea lies with the USSR and the USA. However, we can say that the people themselves chose where to go.
The US openly supported the nationalists of the south, while the Soviet Union unofficially supported the communists of the north. The North Korean movement, then openly supported China.
Korea is still divided. And the reason is the foreign policy of the larger powers. Or we can say the will of the people led to this. But if they didn’t interfere, then the majority would win, and Korea would become communist.