Despite the fact that the so-called dark matter accounts for about 85% of the known matter in the Universe, its detection is still problematic, since it does not have the visibility and other standards of molecular physics. In pursuit of the opportunity to detect and study it, a team of physicists from State University of New York today unveiled their new development, which is an experimental scanner of dark matter based on supercooled water. Supercooling involves such cooling of the water in which it does not freeze even in the case of a significantly lower temperature of its initial freezing.
Scientists explain their development very simply – early laboratory tests showed that with the help of such supercooled water they managed to detect the presence of neutrons, which are the basic components of known matter, as well as those present in antimatter, according to a generally accepted theory. At the same time, gamma rays completely ignored such a scanner, which quite suits the developers.
This is explained by the physicochemical properties of supercooled water, because ice crystals still form during supercooling – but certain chemicals and their compounds can significantly accelerate this process. This was demonstrated by the example of the interaction of some neutron particles with this water – thus, the experimental recorder began to demonstrate a noticeably accelerated crystallization of the water in it. That prompted experts to the idea that with the help of such a system it would be quite possible to find and register dark matter, which would prove its physical nature.
Despite the fact that the concept presented is a prototype, in laboratory conditions it showed really excellent results, which means it can very likely become a rather interesting and indicative way to increase and expand various third-party developments related to the search and study of dark matter particles in the known to us space.