The Great Sphinx in Giza was not built at random. Archaeologists have found evidence that the construction of the Sphinx near the pyramids had an astronomical and religious reason.
The history of the creation of the Egyptian Sphinx is not known for certain. Previously, scientists put forward the theory that ancient architects accidentally stumbled on a limestone rock of a suitable shape and created from it a world-famous statue.
However, the Egyptologist Zahi Hawass believes that this theory is fundamentally wrong. A team of researchers using a camera turned to the face of the Sphinx, tracked the sunset at the vernal equinox – March 21 and 22. It turned out that when the sun sets, it “fits” into a recess of a regular geometric shape located above the right shoulder of the Sphinx. On the days of the summer solstice, June 21-22, the sun sets in a straight line strictly between the pyramids of Cheops and Chefren.
Historians have come to the conclusion that the place of construction and the shape of the Sphinx were not chosen randomly, but had great meaning for the ancient Egyptians. On the banks of the Nile at that time there was a cult of Ra – the god of the Sun, perhaps the sculpture of the Sphinx became a tribute to this deity.
The age of the Sphinx, according to scientists, can be about 4,500 years. It is believed that the face of the statue has the features of the pharaoh Chephren. There are versions that secret passages and caves may be hidden under the Sphinx, but so far they have not been able to find confirmation.